Leather Shoe

Over 280 nearly complete shoes were found during the Mary Rose excavation, providing a snap-shot of shoe fashion at a specific moment in Tudor history. This shoe was found close to the body of the carpenter.

Carved Wooden Panel

One of only two carved panels found, this incomplete panel is carved in oak to show a female head in profile facing right behind an arch. She is wearing a coif and depicted a very classical style, typical of the first half of the sixteenth century. This panel has been partially destroyed by worms, probably Teredo worms, with holes clearly visible along one edge.

Oak Grooving Plane

Twenty-two planes were found, eighteen of these either within or just outside the cabin belonging to the carpenters situated on the main gun deck in the stern. Many were found in chests belonging to individual carpenters.

Knife Handle

Found in a chest belonging to one of the carpenters, this knife handle is incised with a personal mark; two intersecting Vs with a vertical line between the intersection and a horizontal line below.

Mary Rose Rigging

This is a section of one of the many ropes that would have been part of the Mary Rose and is probably part of the rigging. It is covered with tar and mud but if you look closely at the ends you’ll be able to see the individual fibres that the rope is made from. The anti-boarding “nets” that trapped so many of the crew when the ship sank would have been made of similar rope.

Wooden Spoon

Found on the deck just above the carpenters' cabin, this is one of only two small spoons carved in maple.  It is incised with a Z or a reversed N at the back of the neck. These are small and light, and other spoons made of wood or horn are likely to have floated away or perished. Only three other eating spoons were found, all of which are pewter.

Flat Knife Handle

Maple or cherry wood knife handle.
Handle portion from a scale tang knife with remains of the metal rivets which held the two scales together through the blade, about 20 of these were found.  The blades have corroded, leaving only the scales and fixings.

Wooden Mirror

Small octagonal mirror made of beech wood, one of only two found.  Both are turned wooden discs, flat on one side with raised circular ridges on the other.  Traces of corrosion and a white substance may be the remains of the mirror and fixative. Both were found in the stern close to the carpenters’ cabin. 

Whetstone Holder

Nineteen whetstones were found, two with wooden holders. 14 were found in or between the surgeon’s and carpenters’ cabins which were close to each other on the main gun deck.  This is made of poplar and is decorated with panels of incised cross-hatching.  It has a triangular handle and a convenient cut-out so that a finger can be inserted to access the stone.

Carpenter Skull

Analysis of his remains reveals that he was probably in his mid-to-late thirties. He was just over 1.72 metres tall (5ft 7 in.) and was a strong muscular man. His teeth were poor, with a build-up of tartar. An abscess in his upper jaw meant he could only chew on the right side.

He also had arthritis in his spine, ribs and left clavicle and a lesion across his right eyebrow which may be the result of an old wound